36 MINS

#065: CANTAB: Quantified Cognition

February 19, 2015

[transcript]

Jesse speaks to Trevor Robbins, Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience and Experimental Psychology, Head of the Department of Psychology at the University of Cambridge, and co-inventor of the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB for short) – a computer-based cognitive assessment system. Professor Robbins gives us an overview of the CANTAB battery, explaining its use for both neurodegenerative disease detection and cognitive enhancement efficacy and safety.

We’ll also hear how mindfulness practice could help keep us attentive (it worked for the military!), and what various levels of dehydration can do to our brains and bodies.

Show Notes
  • 00:00:31

    Introduction to Professor Trevor Robbins and CANTAB

  • 00:01:44

    This Week in Neuroscience: Minds At Attention – Mindfulness Training Curbs Attentional Lapses in Military Cohorts

  • 00:03:44

    A listener email regarding Episode 64: Male Vs. Female Brains and a related lecture by Dr Robert Sapolsky of Stanford University

  • 00:04:17

    A Dictionary of Surgical Terms

  • 00:05:03

    Professor Robbins' extensive neuroscience background and an overview of CANTAB

  • 00:07:24

    CANTAB's use with animals

  • 00:08:10

    Three main components of cognition

  • 00:09:24

    The difference between humans and animals with regards to future-planning, and CANTAB's effectiveness across species

  • 00:10:40

    Early Alzheimer's detection using the Paired Associate Learning test, and the possibility to arrest the disease before it takes hold

  • 00:13:42

    Modafinil's effects on executive functions – working memory, planning, and cognitive flexibility

  • 00:15:19

    A study testing effects of modafinil as a caffeine substitute for surgeons, and the drug's use for shift-workers

  • 00:16:51

    The results of a study with Ritalin and grad students using the CANTAB battery

  • 00:18:16

    Drugs that act on the cholinergic system and their effects on attention

  • 00:20:21

    L-DOPA's effects on working memory and risk-taking behaviour in Parkinson's patients

  • 00:21:49

    Ampakines and their use in regulating glutamate and GABA

  • 00:24:10

    Why some drugs fail

  • 00:25:06

    Professor Robbins' new research project on Obsessive Compulsive disorder and Addiction (just funded by the Wellcome Trust!) and his ultimate dream project

  • 00:26:59

    Are forms of mental illness culture-dependant?

  • 00:28:27

    Re-consolidating memories to aid post-traumatic stress disorder and addiction therapy

  • 00:32:51

    Ruthless Listener-Retention Gimmick: The Importance of Hydration

Show Notes
  • 00:00:31

    Introduction to Professor Trevor Robbins and CANTAB

  • 00:01:44

    This Week in Neuroscience: Minds At Attention – Mindfulness Training Curbs Attentional Lapses in Military Cohorts

  • 00:03:44

    A listener email regarding Episode 64: Male Vs. Female Brains and a related lecture by Dr Robert Sapolsky of Stanford University

  • 00:04:17

    A Dictionary of Surgical Terms

  • 00:05:03

    Professor Robbins' extensive neuroscience background and an overview of CANTAB

  • 00:07:24

    CANTAB's use with animals

  • 00:08:10

    Three main components of cognition

  • 00:09:24

    The difference between humans and animals with regards to future-planning, and CANTAB's effectiveness across species

  • 00:10:40

    Early Alzheimer's detection using the Paired Associate Learning test, and the possibility to arrest the disease before it takes hold

  • 00:13:42

    Modafinil's effects on executive functions – working memory, planning, and cognitive flexibility

  • 00:15:19

    A study testing effects of modafinil as a caffeine substitute for surgeons, and the drug's use for shift-workers

  • 00:16:51

    The results of a study with Ritalin and grad students using the CANTAB battery

  • 00:18:16

    Drugs that act on the cholinergic system and their effects on attention

  • 00:20:21

    L-DOPA's effects on working memory and risk-taking behaviour in Parkinson's patients

  • 00:21:49

    Ampakines and their use in regulating glutamate and GABA

  • 00:24:10

    Why some drugs fail

  • 00:25:06

    Professor Robbins' new research project on Obsessive Compulsive disorder and Addiction (just funded by the Wellcome Trust!) and his ultimate dream project

  • 00:26:59

    Are forms of mental illness culture-dependant?

  • 00:28:27

    Re-consolidating memories to aid post-traumatic stress disorder and addiction therapy

  • 00:32:51

    Ruthless Listener-Retention Gimmick: The Importance of Hydration

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